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大学英文写作(二)-国防科学技术大学

课程大纲

Course Syllabus (教学安排)

Week 1 (Unit 10): An Overview of Writing Strategies

Course Introduction

What is academic writing?

Why academic writing for Chinese students?

What is special about this course?

Unit 10: An Overview of Writing Patterns

Organizational patterns

Selection of patterns

Avoiding constant shifts in person

Week 2 (Unit 11): Description

Unit 11: Description

Description of a person/place/object/scene

A controlling Idea or impression

Selection of details

Logic and coherence

Subjective and objective description

Week 3 (Units 12-13): Narration

Unit 12: Narration

Elements of a narrative

Writing to narrate

Narrative analysis

Narrative as proof

Week 4 (Unit 13): Process Description

Unit 13: Process

Introduction to processes

Elements of a process

Time and importance

Key details in writing processes

Week 5 (Unit 14): Comparison

Unit 14: Comparison and Contrast

Elements of comparison and contrast

Similarities and differences

Key details

Methods of comparison and contrast

Analogy

Week 6 (Unit 15): Causality

Unit 15: Cause and Effect

Elements of cause and effect

Causes, effects, and time

Causal relationships

Writing essays of cause and effect

MIDTERM EXAMINATION

(from Week 7 to Week 11)

Week 7 (Unit 16): Exemplification

Unit 16: Examples

Elements of examples

Types of examples

Extended examples

Related examples

Essay development with examples

Week 8 (Unit 17): Definition

Unit 17: Definition

Elements of definition

Types of definition

Basic techniques of defining

Paragraphs developed by definition

The definition essay structure

Common errors

Week 9 (Unit 18): Categorization

Unit 18: Classification and Division

Defining classification and division

Process of classifying and dividing

Common errors in classification and division

Sample essay analysis

Transitions and signals for classification and division

Week 10 (Unit 19): Introduction to Argumentation

Unit 19: Introduction to Argumentation

Understanding argumentation

The western rhetoric

Argumentative claim and evidence

Exploring different viewpoints

Week 11 (Unit 20): Elements of Argument

Unit 20: Elements of Argument

Defining argument: A review

Essential elements of argument

Types of claims

Evidence and its functions

Appeals to needs and values

Warrants

Week 12 (Unit 21): Writing Arguments

Unit 21: Writing Arguments

Basics of argumentation

Applying the basics

Building up logical and effective arguments

Revising and checking for fallacies

FINAL EXAMINATION

(TBA)

STUDY RESOURCES

Approaches to English Vocabulary

General Service List (2284 words)

Academic Word List (570 words)

How to Write a Standard College Essay

What is the traditional essay structure?

How to write the 5-paragraph essay? (the key-hole structure)

Why learn the 5-paragraph essay structure?

How to Write Abstracts

Questions about abstracts

Structure of RA abstracts

Writing traditional (one-paragraph) abstracts

Writing structured abstracts

How to Prepare the Application Dossier

Writing Application Letters and Résumés

Questions about application

Writing the cover letter

Writing the résumé

Writing an Admission Essay (or Personal Statement)

Questions about the admission essay (or PS)

Tactics for writing the admission essay (or PS)

Analysis of a sample admission essay (or PS)

The study/research proposal

本课程配套教材:李慧辉, 刘晶. 大学英文写作.:高等教育出版社,2016年.

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